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Geography of Denmark

Denmark is a relatively small country (43.092 km2) with a population of 5 million inhabitants, from which 6,8% immigrants and their descendants. There is only one terrestrial border – with Germany (68 km), the rest of the country is surrounded by seas. Denmark's territory includes a peninsula (Jutland) and 527 small islands connected by numerous bridges with a spectacular architecture and ferry-boat lines, a very well organized and comfortable transportation service, specific to Denmark and to other Scandinavian countries.

The relief is relatively uniform and flat, mostly hills and plains – the maximum altitude according to sources is 200m. The soil is generally poor; the main resources are the chalk, clays, and other kinds of construction materials. In the North Sea there are small quantities of oil and natural gas.

The fields are the main resource of the country covering 65% of its surface, while 12% is occupied by forests (according to the sources this territory was dramatically decreased at the beginning of the 19th century to only 3% and the present situation is due to a preservation order, various afforestation projects and to the environmental policy initiated by the Danish government 25 years ago), while the rest of 23% is represented by lakes, towns, roads.